Millions of people throughout the world, fully or partially, work from their homes under the modality known as "home office."
Only a few years ago, the idea of working at home was an almost unachievable dream. The technological revolution only changed the way in which we communicate, get informed or interact globally, but it also changed the modes, habits and strategies in the working world.
There is no doubt that the massiveness and scope of Internet shaked all structures in the traditional concept of work culture. Nowadays, it is not necessary to travel thousands of kilometers to be able to communicate and information is available through the web and, with only one click, the required data are reached instantly.
There are no more excuses not to communicate. Computers and mobile devices are currently must-have tools for organizations in order to interact with their shareholders, human resources, customers and suppliers. These characteristics have had a positive impact on the companies, which, in the XXI century have decreased their expenditures and times related to communication and search for information.
In this context, work habits have evolved, and one of the main changes is linked to the physical space where work is performed. Today, it is no longer mandatory to have an office centralizing or concentrating all operations, and there are even leading companies in the world that work fully virtually.
Teleworking is a tendency that is here to stay. Millions of people throughout the world, fully or partially, work from their homes under the modality known as "home office".
The leading country in this tendency is the US. In 1988, the State of California, implemented for the first time in the world a pilot teleworking program including the employees of six Government departments. Results were a success: productivity increased, and set goals and objectives were met in notable shorter times than the ones registered by the same employees in the office setting.
Currently, the United States is a country that concentrates the biggest number of teleworkers worldwide. According to a study carried out by WorldatWork, 33.7 million people work under this modality and, also, they do it as employees.
In Argentina, this is a recent phenomenon and, although it is growing steadily, national companies still have not incorporated it as a massive and permanent work modality.
From a research performed by the company Carrier y Asociados, based on data registered by the Ministry of Labor, there are 1.6 million teleworkers in the country. This research shows that the tendency is growing at a 20% annual rate, but those concentrating 90% of remote work are freelance professionals or independent workers. That is to say, argentine private organizations have still not adopted teleworking as a wide scope and high performance strategic option.
Teleworking not only overcame barriers in terms of distance, but it also shortened times and increased performance and productivity; it also became a tool for inclusion. People with special needs, the elderly and even workers with sick leave have found in this modality a source for work that adjusts to their possibilities and skills.
In Argentina, this option encouraged and resulted in the creation of the Private Company Teleworking Promotion and Follow-up Pilot Program (Propet) in 2008, created by the national Ministry of Labor. Those private organizations who hired people over 45 under the modality of teleworking as employees have tax benefits and a reduction of 20% in the employer contributions.
Various studies have shown that motivation, pro activity and efficiency rates are greater for those who work from home; also, teleworking is, today, one of the main vehicles for inclusion of vulnerable groups, as it equals and increases work opportunities.
It generates investment and optimized productivity. It reduces expenses, shortens distances and times. Teleworking is a tendency that is changing the occupational world, which benefits are seen on a daily basis.